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Wednesday, 6 April 2016

How bees make honey.
Honey is a sweet, sticky yellowish brown fluid that is made from nectar that the bees collect. It can be useful for different things. But how do bees create the honey we use?
Honey bees collect pollen and nectar in the spring when most flowers and plants are in bloom. They use their tongues to suck the nectar out of the flowers/plants and they store it in their stomachs and carry it to the beehive. While the nectar is in the bee's stomach for about half an hour, the nectar mixes with the proteins produced.
The bee then fly to its hive and passes it to a worker bee by using their mouth. The worker bee chews it for a while and passes it along to the next bee until it is honey. The bee stores it in a honeycomb cell, the honeycomb cells are hexagon shaped jars of wax.
Later on, the honey would still be wet, the bees would fan their wings to evaporate and thicken the honey because nectar is 80% water and honey is about 14%- 18% water. When that is done the bees cap the honeycomb with wax and move on to the next empty cone.
Did you know honey bees from a normal hive visits approximately 225,000 flowers per day. Bees must visit approximately 2 million flowers and fly over 55.000 miles to make one pound of honey.

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